Plural of French nouns


Rule of thumb:

The plural of most substantives are formed by adding a «s» to the words’ ending («s» is only written but never pronounced!).
You might wonder how to tell singular and plural apart.
You will notice it by the changed article, which is pronounced differently.

💬 For Example:
le (pronounced as lə) supermarché (the supermarket)
→ les (pronounced as [le]) supermarchés (the supermarkets)

le voyage [lÉ™ vwajaĘ’] (the trip, the journey)
→ les voyages [les vwajaʒ] (the trips, the journeys)


  1. 1. Singular «-al»/ Plural «-aux»:
    💬 For Example:
    un animal → des animaux (animals)
    un oiseau → des oiseaux
  2. Singular «-au, -eau, -eu» / Plural«-x»:
    💬 For Example:
    un bateau→ des bateaux(ship);
    un vœu → des voeux (wish)


Similar to English, there are French nouns which only ever appear in plural form.

💬 For Example:
→ les toilettes (pl) (lavatory)
→ les épinards (pl) (the spinach)
→ les environs (pl) (the environment)



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