The indefinite article in French

Indefinite articles, as well as definite articles, refer to their compound noun. Thus they also depend on the gender of the noun:

Indefinite French articles

As the table above shows, the indefinite article plural is «des» - it applies for both genders.

💬 For Example:
un oiseau (a bird):
oiseau – masculine → un (m)
des oiseaux – the birds

une voiture (a car):
voiture – feminine → une (f)
des voitures– the cars


  1. Don't confuse un/une with a/an in English.
    A/an refers to whether the following noun starts with a vocal.
    Un/une just correlates with the gender of the noun.
  2. The indefinite article (un/une) turns into «de/ d'» if followed by a vowel and if the preceding verb is negated.
    The verb «être» (en. to be) doesn't apply to this rule.
💬 For Example:
→ Je n'ai pas de voiture.
– I do not have a car.



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