The gender of French nouns

Other than English articles there are two articles in French:
French substantives are either masculine or feminine.

1. Since French knows two grammatical genders you should learn the substantive together with the article.
This way it will be easier for you to keep the right gender in mind.

💬 For Example:
→ la (f) pomme (the apple)
→ le (m) travail (the job)

2. Nouns ending in «e», are mostly feminine.

💬 For Example:
→ la santé (the health)
→ la baguette (the baguette)

Exceptions to this rule of thumb are nouns ending in «-isme, -age and -ège».
They are usually masculine.

💬 For Example:
→ le fromage (the cheese)
→ le tourisme (the tourism)

By changing the ending of a noun, the gender can be adjusted and thereby changed from masculine into feminine (and vice versa).

masculine endings:
-eur, -er, -teur, -e, -i, -e, -in, -ien, -ais

feminine endings:
-euse, -ère, -trice, -esse, -ie, -èe, ine, -ienne, -aise

💬 For Example:
un cousin (a cousin, m)
une cousine (a cousin, f)

un acteur (an actor)
une actrice (an actress)

un chanteur (a singer)
une chanteuse (a songstress)



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